what does the g stand for in 5g ?

what does the g stand for in 5g ?

The “G” related with cellular networks stands for generation. 5G is the fifth and newest generation of cellular  wireless network technology

5G Wireless: 5th generation wireless Technology

  • Complete wireless communication with almost no limitations
  • Can be called REAL wireless world
  • Has incredible transmission speed
  • Concept is only theory not real

What does it offer?

  • Worldwide cellular phones
  • Extraordinary data capabilities
  • High connectivity
  • More power & features in hand held phones
  • Large phone memory, more dealing speed, more clarity in audio & video


  • Next major phase of mobile telecommunication & wireless system
  • 10 times more capacity than others
  • Expected speed up to 1 Gbps
  • More faster & reliable than 4G
  • Lower cost than previous Generations

Basic Architecture of 5G

  • Application Layer, Presentation layer ->Application(Service)
  • Session Layer , Transport Layer -> Open Transport Protocol
  • Network Layer -> Upper network layer
  • Data link Layer, Physical Layer -> Lower network layer Open Wireless Architecture

Open Wireless Architecture OWA

  • OSI layer l & OSI layer 2 define the wireless technology
  • For these two layers the SG mobile network is likely to be based on Open Wireless Architecture (OWA)
  • Physical layer+ Data link layer= OWA

Network Layer

  • All mobile networks will use mobile IP
  • Each mobile terminal will be FA (Foreign Agent)
  • A mobile can be attached to several mobiles or wireless networks at the same time
  • The fixed 1Pv6 will be implemented in the mobile phones
  • Separation of network layer into two sub-layers:

(i) Lower network layer (for each interface)

(ii) Upper network layer (for the mobile terminal)

Open Transport Protocol OTP

  • Wireless network differs from wired network regarding the transport layer
  • In all TCP versions the assumption is that lost segments are due to network congestion
  • In wireless, the loss is due to higher bit error ratio in the radio interface
  • 5G mobile terminals have transport layer that is possible to be downloaded & installed – Open Transport Protocol (OTP)
  • Transport layer+ Session layer= OTP

Application service Layer

  • Provides intelligent QoS (Quality of Service) management over variety of networks
  • Provides possibility for service quality testing & storage of measurement information in information database in the mobile terminal
  • Select the best wireless connection for given services
  • QoS parameters, such as, delay, losses,BW, reliability, will be stored in DB of 5G mobile
  • Presentation layer+ Application layer= Application Hardware & Software of 5G

5G Hardware:

  • Uses UWB (Ultra Wide higher BW at low energy levels )
  • B W is of 4000 Mbps, which is 400 times faster than today’s wireless networks
  • Uses smart antenna
  • Uses CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)

5G Software:

  • 5G will be single unified standard of different wireless networks, including LAN technologies, LAN/WAN, WWWW-World Wide Wireless Web, unified IP & seamless combination of broadband
  • Software defined radio, encryption, flexibility, Anti-Virus

Features of 5G

  • High resolution for crazy cell phone users
  • Bi-directional large BW
  • Less traffic
  • 25 Mbps connectivity speed
  • Enhanced & available connectivity just about the world
  • Uploading & Downloading speed of 5G touching the peak (up to 1 Gbps)
  • Better & fast solution Features
  • High quality service based on policy to avoid error
  • Support virtual private networks
  • More attractive & effective
  • Provides subscriber supervision tools for fast action

Advantages of 5G

  • Data BW of 1 Gbps or higher
  • Globally accessible
  • Dynamic information access
  • Available at low cost

Applications of 5G

  • Wearable devices with Al (Artificial Intelligence) capabilities
  • Pervasive (Global) networks
  • Media independent handover
  • Radio resource management
  • VoIP (Voice over IP) enabled devices
  • With 6th sense technology

Evolution from 1G to 5G

  • 1G
  • 2G
  • 3G
  • 4G
  • 5G

1G – 1st  Generation Technology

Developed in 1980s & completed in early 1990s

  • Base on analog system
  • Speed up to 2.4 kbps
  • AMPS (Advance Mobile Phone System) was Launched by the US & it was the 1 G mobile system
  • Allows user to make voice calls in 1 country

2G-2nd Generation Technology

  • Developed in late 1980s & completed in late 1990s
  • Based on digital system
  • Speed up to 64 kbps
  • Services such are digital voice & SMS with More clarity
  • Semi global facility
  • 2G are the handsets we are using today, with 2.SG having more capabilities

3G-3rd Generation Technology

  • Developed between late 1990s & early 2000s until present day
  • Transmission speed from 125 kbps to 2 Mbps
  • Superior voice quality
  • Good clarity in video conference
  • E-mail, PDA, information surfing, on-line shopping/banking , games, etc.
  • Global roaming

4G -4th Generation Technology

  • Developed in 2010
  • Faster & more reliable
  • Speed up to 100 Mbps
  • High performance
  • Easy roaming
  • Low cost


  • 3G- Operator Centric,
  • 4G- Service Centric whereas
  • 5G- User Centric
  • We have proposed 5G wireless concept Designed as an open platform on Different layers
  • The new coming 5G technology will be Available in the market at affordable Rates, high peak future & much reliability Than preceding technologies

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