Devicenet Protocol and Network

When we discuss about process automation in terms of Protocols, many names in our mind.

  • Digital protocols are HART, Fieldbus, and PROFIBUS PA.However,you can find use integrate a field device to a control system that may suit your application.

Today we’ll discuss about DeviceNet, A low-level application-layer protocol for industrial application.

  • In DeviceNet network You can connect up to 64 nodes. Each node can contain simple sensors or process related instrument or programmable logic controller (PLC).
  • DeviceNet Follow Controller Area Network (CAN) standard,devices to communicate with each other.
  • Bosch created it in 1985 to replace own wiring. And in 1990, Allen-Bradley-Rockwell
  • Automation created DeviceNet as an application layer protocol based on this standard.
  • Allan-Bradley select CAN as the DeviceNet’s physical layer This network also allows different topologies(trunk and drop down topologies),different cables and more
  • In Process automation you can find devicenet with simple sensors and Field instrument and actuator

Devicenet Protocol

  • DeviceNet mostly uses a trunkline-dropline topology, where small lines connect devices.and small line connect with main line. These small lines should not run more than six meters from the trunkline.

Must Read : Modbus ASCII Vs Modbus RTU Vs Modbus TCP/IP

Devicenet Cable

  • Using Devicenet Cable you can supply Power to many device that depending on how much power device needs.
  • DeviceNet supports different data exchanges technique such as cyclic, polled, and strobed.For setup,you can choose DeviceNet and Select Multiplemaster or Master-slave mode

In network, you can connect up to 64 nodes, and end-to-end points will depend on your baud rate:

  1. 500 Kbps – 100 meters
  2. 250 Kbps – 250 meters
  3. 125 Kbps – 500 meters

  • DeviceNet follow common industrial protocol (CIP) for its upper layers.
  • The CIP follows the open systems interconnection (OSI) model in seven layers: 1.physical, link,, 4.transport, 5.session,6.presentation,7.application.

Must Read : OPC-UA vs DA

Topology (Devicenet Network)

  • With use of DeviceNet, you can architecture your network in many different ways.but some limitations is there we should know that
  • DeviceNet use 24v DC and 8 Amps Approx.With use you can run low-energy devices.if your device required more power than you will need external power only provide communication
  • So length of network depend upon your network speed and type of cable you use.
  • To set up a DeviceNet network You only required
    1)Math equations,2)Cable Type,3)Device energy Consumption,4)Current,5)EDS File

Must Read : What is Profibus ? How Profibus Work ?

Must Read : Profibus vs Profinet

EDS Files

  • EDS stands for electronic a physical datasheet
  • A device’s EDS file will give you all the relevant information you need on the device.
  • If you configure EDS File you have tool which device you have connected to the network and what parameters it has You’ll find these files in many other field networks besides DeviceNet too
  • DeviceNet works the same way. Vendors must provide the proper files for their devices that use DeviceNet as their protocol.
  • Often you’ll have to download this file from a vendor’s website, then upload it to your system.

Must Read : IEC61850 Protocol and Standard

Devicenet Connection

  • Configure Devicenet is a Art!!!!
  • We Can give you an overview in the right way
  • We can access up to 64 nodes.each nodes its own MAC ID
  • When you purchase a device for Devicenet it should have MAC ID
  • The way you configure your DeviceNet devices can vary by factors such as the type of control system you have.However,we can give you an overview to point you in the right direction.
  • When you purchase a device for DeviceNet, it should have a MAC ID.After you set up the device, you also have to set the network where you plan to install it. You’ll need other data such as the class identifier, instance identifier, and attribute identifier as well.
  • After that, go to your control system and add the DeviceNet scanner. Then the software will browse the network, find all devices connected to the driver, and so on.

Must Read : Modbus TCP/IP

Must Read : Protocol Overview

Devicenet Error codes and Devicenet Troubleshooting 

The Following link describes the codes.

  1. The colors have these meanings:
  2. Numeric display shown by flashing the code and the node number alternately. If many codes and node numbers must be shown, the display cycles through them in node number order.
  • Green shows normal conditions
  • Abnormal conditions caused by user action.
  • Blue shows abnormal or error conditions. Red shows severe errors, possibly requiring a replacement scanner.
  • Bold codes show the most common conditions.

You can also collect more data with your DeviceNet analyzer tools or multimeter, like shield voltage, voltage differential between recessive and dominant, and so on.

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Must Read : Communication Overview

Must Read : Protocol in Computer Network